The Arundel Tomb in the north aisle of Chichester Cathedral was brought from Lewes Priory sometime after its dissolution in 1537.
It is a tomb chest on top of which lays the recumbent figures of Richard Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel, and his second wife, Eleanor of Lancaster. On the side of the tomb are shields. Originally the whole tomb was probably painted, with the figures resplendent and the shields showing the coats of arms of the couple. Richard Fitzalan is dressed as a knight of the period and Eleanor wears the dress of a noblewoman with veil and wimple.
At the beginning of the 19th century the tomb was in great need of restoration: the two figures were separated and the arms of Richard and Eleanor’s right hand were missing. A restoration was thus undertaken by Edward Richardson, a well-known sculptor who had already restored tombs in London’s Temple Church in 1842.
After much reflection, Richardson restored the arms to show husband and wife with their right hands joined.
An Arundel Tomb by Philip Larkin
The tomb is best known today for inspiring Philip Larkin’s 1955 poem, An Arundel Tomb which ruminates on the transitory nature of objects, people and material things, it describes the poet's response to seeing the tomb on a visit to Chichester Cathedral. Hear the poem read for the Cathedral by Hugh Bonneville below:
Richard “Copped Hat” (the reason for the nickname is unknown) Fitzalan was descended from the Counts of Dol and Dinan in Brittany. An ancestor accompanied William of Normandy to England and was given lands in Shropshire.
Richard Fitzalan (albeit a surname he did not use, preferring to be called “Arundel”) was one of the richest men in England, inheriting both the earldom of Arundel and that of Surrey from an uncle. The date of his birth is variously given as 1303 or 1313: documentary evidence maintains his marriage aged 7 in 1321 to Isabel Dispenser, aged 8, a grand-daughter of a favourite of Edward II who attended the wedding.
Richard had a son, Edmund, born in 1327, but had his first marriage annulled and his son disinherited. He married his second wife, Eleanor in 1345 and had children, one of whom, Richard, inherited the title, whereas Edmund and his family were not mentioned in the will.
Eleanor died in 1372, followed by Richard in 1376, after making his will at the end of 1375. He had wanted to be buried “without pomp” in the Chapter House of Lewes Priory.